Cowen

Cowen Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2017 Financial Results

NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Feb. 15, 2018-- Cowen Inc. (NASDAQ: COWN) (“Cowen” or “the Company”) today announced its operating results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2017.

Operating Highlights

  • Investment banking revenue of $223.6 million on a GAAP and economic income basis in 2017, increased 68% year over year and was led by strong performance in equity financings. In addition, we made important strides towards improving revenue diversification in both product and sector. Advisory revenue of $41.8 million represented a 56% year over year increase.
  • Annual brokerage revenue of $293.6 million and $312.8 million on a GAAP and economic income basis, respectively, represented a three-fold increase since 2012.
  • In November 2017 the investment management division successfully launched a private healthcare strategy, an internally developed capability that leverages Cowen's longstanding strength in healthcare.
  • As of January 1, 2018, assets under management were $11.0 billion. The $0.5 billion increase from January 1, 2017 was primarily due to subscriptions in private funds and real estate.
  • On an economic income basis, the compensation to revenue ratio declined to 58% from 64% due to a shift in business mix as a result of the Convergex acquisition.
  • Book value per share was $21.82 as of December 31, 2017, compared to $25.11 as of December 31, 2016. Tangible book value per share was $18.77 as of December 31, 2017 compared to $21.88 as of December 31, 2016. The per share decline is primarily due to a reduction in the value of our net deferred tax assets and shares issued in conjunction with the Convergex acquisition.
  • In December 2017, the Company completed a full repurchase of its 8.25% senior notes due 2021 and repurchased a significant portion of its 3% convertible senior notes due 2019 and replaced them with 7.35% senior notes due 2027 and 3% convertible senior notes due 2022.
  • On February 13th Cowen's Board of Directors approved a $23.6 million increase in the Company's share repurchase program. With this increase, the total amount available for repurchase under the program is $25.0 million.
     

Financial Highlights

(Dollar amounts in millions, except per share
information)

    Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended
    Dec. 31,       Sept. 30,       Dec. 31,    
      2017   2016   %   2017   %   2017   2016   %
                                   
GAAP:                                  
Revenue     $ 204.5     $ 122.3     67%   $ 178.8     14%   $ 658.8     $ 471.6     40%

Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen
common stockholders

    $ (77.7 )   $ (3.6 )   NM   $ 3.0     NM   $ (67.7 )   $ (26.1 )   NM
Earnings (loss) per share (diluted)     $ (2.51 )   $ (0.13 )   NM   $ 0.09     NM   $ (2.29 )   $ (0.97 )   NM
                                   
Economic Income (non-GAAP):                                  
Economic income revenue     $ 183.0     $ 128.1     43%   $ 182.6     —%   $ 666.2     $ 467.6     42%
Economic income (loss) attributable to Cowen     $ (9.4 )   $ (12.9 )   (27)%   $ 8.3     NM   $ 15.8     $ (28.7 )   NM
Economic income per share (diluted)     $ (0.30 )   $ (0.48 )   NM   $ 0.26     NM   $ 0.54     $ (1.07 )   NM
                                   

Note: Amounts may not add due to rounding. NM indicates not meaningful. A reconciliation of economic income (loss) to net
income appears under the section, "Summary Economic Income (Loss) to GAAP Reconciliation."

 

 

GAAP

  • For the year, revenue rose 39.7% to $658.8 million. For the quarter, revenue was $204.5 million compared to $122.3 million in the prior year period.
  • Net loss attributable to common stockholders was $67.7 million, or $(2.29) per diluted common share in 2017, and compared to a net loss of $26.1 million, or $(0.97) per diluted common share, in 2016. For the quarter, we reported a net loss of $77.7 million or $(2.51) per diluted common share.
  • Our GAAP results were adversely impacted by certain one-time charges in the fourth quarter:
  • Reduction in the value of net deferred tax assets of $46.6 million, a non-cash charge, as a result of a re-measurement of our deferred tax asset resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.
  • Certain other amounts related to debt of $14.7 million are related to the redemption of our 8.25% senior notes due 2021 and partial redemption of 3% convertible notes due 2019 plus certain other costs related to our newly issued debt.
  • Transaction-related and other costs of $16.0 million.

Economic Income (Non-GAAP)

  • In 2017 revenue was $666.2 million, a 42% increase from the prior year. For the quarter, revenue increased $54.9 million to $183.0 million compared to $128.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2016.
  • Economic income of $15.8 million, or $0.54 per diluted share, was a $44.6 million improvement from 2016. For the quarter, we incurred a loss $9.4 million or $(0.30) per diluted share.
  • Excluding additional one-time costs associated with severance and our CEO transition, economic income was $23.0 million or $0.78 per diluted share for the full year 2017 and a loss of $3.5 million or $(0.11) per diluted share in the fourth quarter 2017.

Jeffrey M. Solomon Chief Executive Officer of Cowen said, "A primary goal of 2017 was to take definitive steps to make the firm more sustainable over the long term. We completed a transformative acquisition that positions us well for the new post-MiFID II environment. We experienced positive returns on prior operating investments in certain areas and made meaningful progress in our multi-year goal of diversifying our revenue streams. We are working on integration, cost containment, improved capital allocation and other initiatives in order to improve our return on equity in 2018 and beyond."

GAAP Financial Review

           

Summary GAAP Financial Information

           

(Dollar amounts in millions, except per share
information)

    Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended
    Dec. 31,       Sept. 30,       Dec. 31,    
      2017   2016   %   2017   %   2017   2016   %
                                   
Revenue     $ 204.5     $ 122.3     67 %   $ 178.8     14 %   $ 658.8     $ 471.6     40 %

Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen

    $ (76.0 )   $ (1.9 )   NM   $ 4.7     NM   $ (60.9 )   $ (19.3 )   NM
Preferred stock dividends     $ 1.7     $ 1.7     %   $ 1.7     %   $ 6.8     $ 6.8     %

Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen
common stockholders

    $ (77.7 )   $ (3.6 )   NM   $ 3.0     NM   $ (67.7 )   $ (26.1 )   NM
                                   
Earnings (loss) per share (diluted)     $(2.51)   $(0.13)   NM   $0.09   NM   $ (2.29 )   $ (0.97 )   NM
                                   
Note: Amounts may not add due to rounding. NM indicates not meaningful.
 

Full Year Commentary

Revenue was $658.8 million, a 39.7% increase from $471.6 million in the prior year. The increase was primarily due to the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017 and strong performance in investment banking.

Employee compensation and benefits expense increased $94.0 million from the prior year to $404.1 million. The increase was primarily due to a $187.2 million increase in revenue and a $61.7 million increase in other income (loss), which resulted in a higher compensation and benefits accrual, and increased headcount from the Convergex acquisition.

Interest and dividend expense increased $31.6 million year over year to $60.9 million. This was primarily attributable to securities finance activities during the second half of the year from the June 2017 acquisition of Convergex, an increase in the number of investments sold short and an increase in margin balances during 2017 as compared to 2016.

Reinsurance-related expense was $30.5 million, a $0.6 million increase from the year ago period. This increase was predominantly due to higher than expected claims that resulted from severe weather events in the US in the third and fourth quarters of 2017.

Operating, general, administrative and other expenses increased $71.6 million year over year to $227.7 million. The increase is primarily related to higher floor brokerage and trade execution costs, due to higher brokerage revenue, and increased marketing and business development expenses, legal and other professional fees and increased occupancy costs, which are mostly related to the acquisition of Convergex during June 2017.

Depreciation and amortization expenses were $13.1 million compared to $12.7 million in 2016. The increase was primarily related to an increase in tangible and intangible assets related to recent acquisitions.

Restructuring costs were $8.8 million in 2017. In conjunction with the integration of the acquired businesses of Convergex, the Company evaluated the combined broker-dealer businesses and operations and incurred integration and restructuring costs which primarily related to exit and disposal costs, discontinuation of redundant technology services and severance costs.

Other income increased $61.7 million to $105.8 million from $44.1 million in the prior year. The increase primarily related to an increase in performance of the Company's own invested capital and the bargain purchase gain related to the acquisition of Convergex during June 2017 partially offset by costs associated with extinguishing debt.

Income tax expense was $44.1 million compared to an income tax benefit of $19.1 million in the prior year. This change was primarily attributable to the re-measurement of our deferred tax assets based on the lower corporate federal rate under The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, enacted on December 22, 2017, and operating results.

Income (loss) attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests increased $16.9 million to $23.8 million from the prior year. The increase was primarily the result of losses incurred by one of our consolidated funds in the prior year.

Fourth Quarter Commentary

Revenue was $204.5 million compared to $122.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2016. The increase was primarily due to the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017 and strong performance in investment banking.

Employee compensation and benefits expense increased $29.3 million from the prior year period to $122.0 million. The increase was primarily due to $82.2 million higher revenue, partially offset by a $46.4 million decline in other income (loss), which resulted in a higher compensation and benefits accrual, and increased headcount from the Convergex acquisition.

Interest and dividend expense was $22.8 million compared to $7.4 million in the prior year period. This was primarily attributable to securities finance activities during the second half of the year from the June 2017 acquisition of Convergex, an increase in the number of investments sold short and an increase in margin balances during 2017 as compared to 2016.

Reinsurance-related expense of $9.9 million increased $0.9 million from the year ago period. This increase was predominantly due to higher than expected claims that resulted from severe weather events in the US in the third and fourth quarters of 2017.

Operating, general, administrative and other expenses increased $31.3 million year over year to $71.7 million. The increase was primarily related to higher floor brokerage and trade execution costs, due to higher brokerage revenue, and increased marketing and business development expenses, legal and other professional fees and increased occupancy costs, which were mostly related to the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017.

Depreciation and amortization expenses of $3.5 million increased $0.4 million from the prior year period. The increase was primarily related to an increase in tangible and intangible assets related to recent acquisitions.

Other income was a loss of $18.5 million compared to income of $27.9 million in the prior year period. The decrease was primarily related to a decrease in net gains (losses) on investments and loss on debt extinguishment and costs associated with extinguishing debt.

Income tax expense was $40.6 million compared to an income tax benefit of $12.5 million in the prior year quarter. This change was primarily attributable to the re-measurement of our deferred tax assets based on the lower corporate federal rate under The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, enacted on December 22, 2017, and operating results.

Income (loss) attributable to redeemable non-controlling interests decreased by $21.0 million to $11.6 million from the prior year period. The decrease was primarily the result of gains incurred by one of our consolidated funds in the prior year period.

Taxes

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, enacted on December 22, 2017, will have a significant impact on the federal tax code, including a corporate federal rate reduction from 35% to 21% effective in 2018. As a result of the new tax law, we were required to re-measure our deferred tax assets based on this lower enacted rate, resulting in the recognition of a tax charge of $46.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2017. In addition, while the corporate alternative minimum tax is repealed, certain corporate tax deductions are repealed or amended. For example, corporate tax deductions for public company executive compensation in excess of $1 million will no longer be allowed. Also, the new tax law provides additional limitations on the deductibility of interest expenses.

Capital

 

Select Balance Sheet Data

       

(Amounts in millions, except per share information)

Dec. 31,   Dec. 31,
  2017   2016
       
Cowen Inc. stockholders' equity $748.0   $772.7
Common equity (CE) $646.7   $671.3
Tangible common equity (TCE) $556.1   $584.9
       
Book value per share (CE/CSO) $21.82   $25.11
Tangible book value per share (TCE/CSO) $18.77   $21.88
       
Common shares outstanding (CSO) 29.6   26.7
       
Reconciliation of GAAP Cowen Inc. stockholders' equity to tangible common equity:
       
Cowen Inc. stockholders' equity $748.0   $772.7
Less:      
Preferred stock 101.3   101.3
Common equity (CE) $646.7   $671.3
       
Less:      
Goodwill & intangibles 90.6   86.4
Tangible common equity (TCE) $556.1   $584.9
       
Note: Amounts may not add due to rounding.      
       

During the fourth quarter 2017, the Company completed a public offering of 7.35% senior notes due 2027 for aggregate proceeds of $138 million and redeemed its outstanding $63.25 million 8.25% senior notes due 2021 for a total redemption price of $68.4 million.

In addition the Company completed an offering of 3% convertible senior notes due 2022 for aggregate proceeds of $135 million and partially redeemed its outstanding 3% convertible senior notes due 2019 for a total redemption price of $118.9 million.

In aggregate, after redemption and fees, net proceeds to the company were $58.9 million.

Share Repurchase Program

In the fourth quarter 2017, the Company repurchased $19.5 million of its common stock or approximately 1.4 million shares under the Company's existing share repurchase program. These were the only share repurchases for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Outside the share repurchase program, in the fourth quarter 2017, the Company acquired approximately $456,000 of shares as a result of net share settlement relating to the vesting of equity awards, or approximately 31,000 shares. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company acquired approximately $11.9 million of shares as a result of net share settlement relating to the vesting of equity awards, or approximately 823,000 shares.

On February 13th, Cowen's Board of Directors approved a $23.6 million increase in the Company's share repurchase program. With this increase, the total amount available for repurchase under the program to $25.0 million. Since the program was announced in 2011, Cowen repurchased approximately $137 million of shares, or 8.7 million shares, under the existing share repurchase program. In addition Cowen purchased over $46 million of shares, or 3.2 million shares, as a result of net share settlement relating to the vesting of equity awards.

Economic Income (Loss)

Throughout the remainder of this press release the Company presents Economic Income financial measures that are not prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”). In general, Economic Income (Loss) is a pre-tax measure that (i) eliminates the impact of consolidation for consolidated funds and excludes (ii) goodwill and intangible impairment (iii) certain other transaction-related adjustments and/or reorganization expenses (iv) the bargain purchase gain which resulted from the Convergex Group acquisition (v) certain costs associated with debt and (vi) preferred stock dividends. In addition, Economic Income (Loss) revenues include investment income that represents the income the Company has earned in investing its own capital, including realized and unrealized gains and losses, interest and dividends, net of associated investment related expenses. For US GAAP purposes, these items are included in each of their respective line items. Economic Income (Loss) revenues also include management fees, incentive income and investment income earned through the Company's investment as a general partner in certain real estate entities and the Company's investment in the activist business. For US GAAP purposes, all of these items are recorded in other income (loss). In addition, Economic Income (Loss) expenses are reduced by reimbursement from affiliates, which for US GAAP purposes is presented gross as part of revenue.

For a more complete description of Economic Income (Loss) and a reconciliation of GAAP net income (loss) to Economic Income (Loss) for the periods presented and additional information regarding the reconciling adjustments, please see the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of this press release.

Economic Income (Non-GAAP) Financial Review

 

Summary Economic Income (Loss) Financial Information

               

(Dollar amounts in millions, except per share
information)

        Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended
        Dec. 31,       Sept. 30,       Dec. 31,    
        2017   2016   %   2017   %   2017   2016   %
                                       
Revenue         $ 183.0     $ 128.1     43 %   $ 182.6     %   $ 666.2     $ 467.6     42 %
Economic Income (Loss)         $ (9.4 )   $ (12.9 )   (27 )%   $ 8.3     NM   $ 15.8     $ (28.7 )   NM
                                       
Economic Income (Loss) per share (diluted)         $ (0.30 )   $ (0.48 )   NM   $ 0.26     NM   $ 0.54     $ (1.07 )   NM
                                       
Note: Amounts may not add due to rounding. NM indicates not meaningful.
 

 

             

Summary Economic Income (Loss) to GAAP Reconciliation

             
        Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended
        Dec. 31,   Sept. 30,   Dec. 31,
(Per share information)       2017   2016   2017   2017   2016
                         

Economic Income (Loss) per share
(diluted)

      $ (0.30 )   $ (0.48 )   $ 0.26     $ 0.54     $ (1.07 )
Adjustments:                        
Preferred dividends       (0.05 )   (0.06 )   (0.05 )   (0.23 )   (0.25 )
Taxes       (1.32 )   0.47     (0.07 )   (1.50 )   0.71  
Certain costs associated with debt       (0.48 )           (0.50 )    
Restructuring               (0.01 )   (0.30 )    
Bargain purchase gain       (0.03 )           0.24      
Transaction-related and other costs       (0.33 )   (0.06 )   (0.03 )   (0.54 )   (0.36 )
GAAP earnings (loss) per share (diluted)       $ (2.51 )   $ (0.13 )   $ 0.09     $ (2.29 )   $ (0.97 )
                         
Note: Amounts may not add due to rounding.
 

Full Year Commentary

Economic Income revenue was $666.2 million, compared to $467.6 million in 2016, a 42% increase. The increase was primarily attributable to greater investment banking and brokerage activity and higher productivity in investment income.

 

     

Economic Income Revenue

 
     
  Twelve Months Ended  
  Dec. 31,      
(Dollar amounts in millions) 2017   2016   %
             
Investment banking $ 223.6     133.3     68 %
Brokerage 312.8     207.0     51 %
Management fees 55.4     67.2     (18 )%
Incentive income 26.0     26.3     (1 )%
Investment income (loss) 45.1     4.0     NM
Other revenues 3.2     29.8     (89 )%
Total Revenue $ 666.2     $ 467.6     42 %
             
Note: Amounts may not add due to rounding. NM indicates not meaningful.  
   

Total non-interest expense was $625.4 million compared to $471.4 million in the prior year period. Items included in non-interest expenses are discussed below.

  • Compensation and benefits expenses increased $87.5 million from the prior year to $388.0 million. The increase was due to higher revenue in 2017 which resulted in a higher compensation and benefits accrual and increased headcount from the Convergex acquisition. The compensation to revenue ratio was 58% for 2017 compared with 64% for 2016. The lower ratio was due to a shift in the Company's overall business mix as a result of the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017.
  • Fixed non-compensation expenses were $122.1 million compared to $101.0 million in 2016, a 21% increase. The increase was attributable to the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017.
  • Depreciation and amortization expense increased $0.5 million in the year to $11.6 million. The increase was primarily related to an increase in amortization of intangible assets related to recent acquisitions.
  • Variable non-compensation expenses were $105.8 million compared with $61.2 million in the prior year. The increase was primarily related to higher floor brokerage and trade execution costs related to the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017 which included a mix of higher variable cost businesses (as a percentage of revenue).

Interest expense increased $1.7 million to $18.9 million compared with $17.2 million in the prior year. Interest expense primarily related to debt issued in 2014 and 2017.

Fourth Quarter Commentary

Total Economic Income revenue was $183.0 million compared to $128.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2016. The increase in Economic Income revenue was primarily attributable to an increase in investment banking and brokerage activity.

           

Economic Income Revenue

 
           
        Three Months Ended  
        Dec. 31,       Sept. 30,      
(Dollar amounts in millions)       2017   2016   %   2017   %
                           
Investment banking       $ 65.5     $ 35.1     87 %   $ 57.4     14 %
Brokerage       103.5     53.6     93 %   90.0     15 %
Management fees       13.3     17.3     (23 )%   13.8     (4 )%
Incentive income       7.4     7.1     4 %   4.6     61 %
Investment income (loss)       (6.6 )   4.6     NM   15.9     NM
Other revenues       (0.1 )   10.3     NM   0.9     NM
Total Revenue       $ 183.0     $ 128.1     43 %   $ 182.6     %
                           
Note: Amounts may not add due to rounding. NM indicates not meaningful.  
   

Non-interest expense was $185.1 million compared to $135.5 million in the prior year period. Items included in non-interest expenses are discussed below.

  • Compensation and benefits expense was $111.1 million compared to $90.2 million in the fourth quarter 2016. The increase was due to higher revenue during the 2017 period as compared to 2016 which resulted in a higher compensation and benefits accrual and increased headcount from the Convergex acquisition. The compensation to revenue ratio was 61% compared to 70% for the prior year period. The lower compensation to Economic Income revenue ratio is due to a shift in the Company's overall business mix as a result of the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017.
  • Fixed non-compensation expenses increased 33% year over year to $35.5 million from $26.8 million. The increase was attributable to the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017.
  • Depreciation and amortization expense was $3.2 million compared to $2.6 million in the prior year period. The increase was primarily related to an increase in amortization of intangible assets related to recent acquisitions.
  • Variable non-compensation expenses were $35.5 million compared to $16.4 million in the fourth quarter 2016. The increase was primarily related to higher floor brokerage and trade execution costs related to the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017 which included a mix of higher variable cost businesses (as a percentage of revenue).

Interest expense increased $1.2 million to $5.4 million compared to the year ago period. Interest expense primarily related to debt issued in 2014 and 2017.

Investment Management Segment

Assets Under Management

As of January 1, 2018, the Company had assets under management of $11.0 billion. The $0.5 billion increase from January 1, 2017 was primarily due to subscriptions in private funds and real estate.

Full Year Commentary

Management fees were $52.2 million compared to $64.1 million in the prior year. The decrease was primarily related to the sale of our interest in the alternative solutions business during the third quarter of 2016 and a decrease in management fees from our real estate business.

Incentive income decreased slightly to $26.0 million from $26.3 million in 2016. This decrease was related to a decrease in performance fees from our multi-strategy business offset partially by an increase in performance from one of our other businesses.

Investment income for the segment was $31.4 million compared to $3.0 million for the prior year. The increase was primarily attributed to greater in performance of the Company's own invested capital.

Other revenues were $1.6 million compared to $29.2 million in the prior year. The decrease primarily related to the sale of our interest in the alternative solutions business and the principal owners of Starboard Value exercising their right to acquire a portion of the Company’s ownership interest in the activist business, both of which occurred in the prior year.

Fourth Quarter Commentary

Management fees were $12.5 million compared to $16.5 million in the fourth quarter 2016. The decrease was due to a decrease in management fees from our real estate business.

Incentive income was $7.4 million compared to $7.1 million in the prior year period. This increase was primarily related to an increase in performance fees from one of our funds.

Investment loss for the segment was $3.0 million, compared to income of $3.5 million in the fourth quarter 2016. The decrease was primarily related to a decrease in performance of the Company's own invested capital.

Other revenues were a give back of $0.5 million compared to $9.8 million in the prior year period. The decrease was primarily related to the principal owners of Starboard Value exercising their right to acquire a portion of the Company’s ownership interest in the activist business in the year ago period.

Broker-Dealer Segment

Full Year Commentary

Brokerage revenue was $312.8 million, an increase of $105.7 million compared to $207.0 million in 2016. The increase was primarily attributable to the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017.

Investment banking revenue increased $90.3 million to $223.6 million compared to $133.3 million in the prior year. The increase was primarily due to higher equity underwriting and advisory activity. For the year, the average underwriting fee per transaction increased 34%.

 

Investment Banking Revenue Summary

         
        Twelve Months Ended
        Dec. 31,
(Dollar amounts in millions)         2017     2016
Equity Underwriting       $ 180.8   $ 99.6
Debt Underwriting         1.0     6.9
Advisory         41.8     26.8
Total       $ 223.6   $ 133.3
                 
                 

Investment Banking Transaction Count

             
            Twelve Months Ended
            Dec. 31,
            2017   2016
Equity Underwriting           103   76
Of which bookrun:           66   42
Debt Underwriting           2   7
Advisory           16   15
Total           121   98

Investment income for the segment was $13.7 million compared to the prior year of $1.0 million.

Fourth Quarter Commentary

Brokerage revenue increased $49.9 million to $103.5 million in the fourth quarter 2017 compared to $53.6 million in the fourth quarter 2016. This was primarily attributable to the acquisition of Convergex in June 2017 and strong performance in investment banking.

Investment banking revenue was $65.5 million, an 87% increase over the prior year period. The increase was primarily due to higher equity underwriting and advisory activity. The average underwriting fee per transaction increased 55% from the prior year period.

 

Investment Banking Revenue Summary

         
        Three Months Ended
        Dec. 31,
(Dollar amounts in millions)         2017     2016
Equity Underwriting       $ 48.6   $ 26.4
Debt Underwriting         1.0     0.9
Advisory         15.9     7.8
Total       $ 65.5   $ 35.1
                 
         

Investment Banking Transaction Count

         
        Three Months Ended
        Dec. 31,
        2017   2016
Equity Underwriting       25   21
Of which bookrun:       18   10
Debt Underwriting       2   2
Advisory       5   6
Total       32   29
             

Investment loss for the segment was $3.7 million versus investment income of $1.2 million in the fourth quarter 2016.

Earnings Conference Call with Management

The Company will host a conference call to discuss its 2017 fourth quarter results on Thursday, February 15, 2018, at 9:00 am ET. The call can be accessed by dialing 1-(855) 760-0961 domestic or 1-(631) 485-4850 international. The passcode for the call is 9269367. A replay of the call will be available beginning at 12:00 pm ET February 15, 2018 through 12:00 pm ETFebruary 22, 2017. To listen to the replay of this call, please dial 1-(855) 859-2056 domestic or 1-(404) 537-3406 international and enter passcode9269367.

The call can also be accessed through live audio webcast or by delayed replay on the Company’s website at www.cowen.com.

About Cowen Inc.

Cowen Inc. is a diversified financial services firm and, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, provides investment management, investment banking, research, sales and trading, prime brokerage, global clearing and commission management through its two business segments: Cowen Investment Management and its affiliates make up the Company’s investment management segment, while Cowen and Company, a member of FINRA and SIPC, and its affiliates make up the Company’s broker-dealer segment. Cowen Investment Management provides investment management solutions to a global client base and manages a significant portion of Cowen’s proprietary capital. Cowen and its affiliates offer industry focused investment banking for growth-oriented companies, domain knowledge-driven research, a sales and trading platform for institutional investors, global clearing and commission management services and also a comprehensive suite of prime brokerage services. Founded in 1918, the firm is headquartered in New York and has offices worldwide. To download Cowen’s investor relations app, which offers access to SEC filings, news releases, webcasts and presentations, please visit the App Store for iPhone and iPad or Google Play for Android mobile devices.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements provide the Company’s current expectations or forecasts of future events. Forward-looking statements include statements about the Company’s expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, intentions, assumptions and other statements that are not historical facts. Forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and are based on potentially inaccurate assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected or implied by the forward-looking statements. The Company’s actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in forward-looking statements for many reasons, including the factors described in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q are available at our website at www.cowen.com and at the Securities and Exchange Commission website at www.sec.gov. Unless required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect circumstances or events after the date of this press release.

 

 
Cowen Inc.
GAAP Preliminary Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)
                     
        Three Months Ended   Twelve Months Ended
        Dec. 31,   Dec. 31,
        2017   2016   2017   2016
Revenue                    
Investment banking       $ 65,532     $ 35,123     $ 223,614     $ 133,279  
Brokerage       95,011     51,540     293,610     199,180  
Management fees       7,658     8,661     33,245     40,612  
Incentive income       (834 )   5,511     5,383     8,334  
Interest and dividends       22,116     3,068     49,440     14,732  
Reimbursement from affiliates       229     2,236     2,860     10,504  
Aircraft lease revenue       715     1,090     3,751     4,161  
Reinsurance premiums       9,039     9,216     30,996     32,459  
Other       2,414     4,415     8,561     22,355  
Consolidated Funds revenues       2,570     1,408     7,321     5,949  
Total revenue       204,450     122,268     658,781     471,565  
Expenses                    
Employee compensation and benefits       122,021     92,729     404,087     310,038  
Interest and dividends       22,753     7,442     60,949     29,308  

Reinsurance claims, commissions and amortization of deferred
acquisition costs

      9,876     8,980     30,486     29,904  
Operating, general, administrative and other expenses       71,650     40,348     227,709     156,091  
Depreciation and amortization expense       3,466     3,059     13,078     12,713  
Restructuring costs               8,763      
Consolidated Funds expenses       3,103     2,636     12,526     9,064  
Total expenses       232,869     155,194     757,598     547,118  
Other income (loss)                    

Net (losses) gains on securities, derivatives and other
investments

      13,078     14,258     76,179     23,381  
Bargain purchase gain       (1,032 )       6,914      
Gain/(loss) on debt extinguishment       (16,039 )       (16,039 )    
Consolidated Funds net (losses) gains       (14,535 )   13,631     38,725     20,685  
Total other income (loss)       (18,528 )   27,889     105,779     44,066  
                     
Income (loss) before income taxes       (46,947 )   (5,037 )   6,962     (31,487 )
Income tax expense/(benefit)       40,646     (12,539 )   44,053     (19,092 )
Net income (loss)       (87,593 )   7,502     (37,091 )   (12,395 )

Net income (loss) attributable to redeemable non-controlling
interests in consolidated subsidiaries and funds

      (11,621 )   9,406     23,791     6,882  
Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen Inc.       (75,972 )   (1,904 )   (60,882 )   (19,277 )
Preferred stock dividends       1,698     1,698     6,792     6,792  
Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen Inc. common stockholders       $ (77,670 )   $ (3,602 )   $ (67,674 )   $ (26,069 )
                     
Earnings (loss) per share:                    
Basic       $ (2.51 )   $ (0.13 )   $ (2.29 )   $ (0.97 )
Diluted       $ (2.51 )   $ (0.13 )   $ (2.29 )   $ (0.97 )
                     
Weighted average shares used in per share data:                    
Basic       30,934     26,973     29,492     26,857  
Diluted       30,934     26,973     29,492     26,857  
                             
                             

Appendix:Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to the results presented above in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, the Company presents financial measures that are non-GAAP measures, such as Economic Income (Loss) and Economic Income (Loss) excluding certain non-cash items. The Company believes that these non-GAAP measures, viewed in addition to, and not in lieu of, the Company’s reported GAAP results, provide useful information to investors regarding its performance and overall results of operations. These metrics are an integral part of the Company’s internal reporting to measure the performance of its businesses and the overall effectiveness of senior management. Reconciliations to comparable GAAP measures are available in the accompanying schedules. The non-GAAP measures presented herein may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other public companies, and are not identical to corresponding measures used in our various agreements or public filings.

Economic Income (Loss)

Economic Income (Loss) may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other public companies. Cowen uses Economic Income (Loss) as a measure of its operating performance, not as a measure of liquidity. Economic Income (Loss) should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for operating income, net income, operating cash flows, investing and financing activities, or other income or cash flow statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP. As a result of the adjustments made to arrive at Economic Income (Loss) described below, Economic Income (Loss) has limitations in that it does not take into account certain items included or excluded under GAAP, including its consolidated funds. Economic Income (Loss) is considered by management as a supplemental measure to the GAAP results to provide a more complete understanding of its performance as management measures it.

In general, Economic Income (Loss) is a pre-tax measure that (i) eliminates the impact of consolidation for consolidated funds and excludes (ii) goodwill and intangible impairment (iii) certain other transaction-related adjustments and/or reorganization expenses (iv) the bargain purchase gain which resulted from the Convergex Group acquisition (v) certain costs associated with debt and (vi) preferred stock dividends. In addition, Economic Income (Loss) revenues include investment income that represents the income the Company has earned in investing its own capital, including realized and unrealized gains and losses, interest and dividends, net of associated investment related expenses. For US GAAP purposes, these items are included in each of their respective line items. Economic Income (Loss) revenues also include management fees, incentive income and investment income earned through the Company's investment as a general partner in certain real estate entities and the Company's investment in the activist business. For US GAAP purposes, all of these items are recorded in other income (loss). In addition, Economic Income (Loss) expenses are reduced by reimbursement from affiliates, which for US GAAP purposes is presented gross as part of revenue.

Cowen Inc.
Unaudited Reconciliation of GAAP and Economic Revenue for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2017
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
               
  Three Months Ended December 31, 2017
      Adjustments    
      Other   Funds   Economic
  GAAP   Adjustments (1)   Consolidation (2)   Income
Revenue              
Investment banking $ 65,532     $     $     $ 65,532  
Brokerage 95,011     8,495   (f)     103,506  
Management fees 7,658     4,813   (a) 820     13,291  
Incentive income (834 )   10,166   (a) (1,930 )   7,402  
Investment income     (6,623 ) (b)(d)     (6,623 )
Interest and dividends 22,116     (22,116 ) (b)      
Reimbursement from affiliates 229     (286 ) (c) 57      
Aircraft lease revenue 715     (715 ) (d)      
Reinsurance premiums 9,039     (9,039 ) (e)      
Other revenues 2,414     (2,497 ) (e)     (83 )
Consolidated Funds 2,570         (2,570 )    
Total revenue $ 204,450     $ (17,802 )   $ (3,623 )   $ 183,025  
               
Note: The following is a summary of the adjustments made to US GAAP revenue to Economic Income revenue:
               
(1) Other adjustments include reclassifications between other income (loss), redeemable non-controlling interests and interest and non-interest expenses based on the nature of the respective line item
(2) Fund consolidation includes the impact of consolidation. The related elimination entries of the Consolidated Funds are not included in Economic Income. Adjustments include elimination of incentive income and management fees earned from the Consolidated Funds.
               
Other Adjustments:              
(a) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes revenues (i) net of distribution fees paid to agents and (ii) our proportionate share of management and incentive fees of certain real estate operating entities, the healthcare royalty business and the activist business.
(b) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes Company income from proprietary trading (including interest and dividends).
(c) Reimbursement from affiliates is shown as a reduction of Economic Income expenses, but is included as a part of revenues under US GAAP.
(d) Aircraft lease revenue is shown net of expenses in investment income for Economic Income (Loss).
(e) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes underwriting income from the Company's insurance related activities, net of expenses, within other revenue.
(f) Economic Income (Loss) brokerage revenues included net securities borrowed and securities loaned activities.
 
 
Cowen Inc.
Unaudited Reconciliation of GAAP and Economic Revenue for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2016
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
               
  Three Months Ended December 31, 2016
      Adjustments    
      Other   Funds   Economic
  GAAP   Adjustments (1)   Consolidation (2)   Income
Revenue              
Investment banking $ 35,123     $     $     $ 35,123
Brokerage 51,540     2,083   (f)     53,623
Management fees 8,661     8,223   (a) 426     17,310
Incentive income 5,511     1,444   (a) 145     7,100
Investment income     4,615   (b)(d)     4,615
Interest and dividends 3,068     (3,068 ) (b)    
Reimbursement from affiliates 2,236     (2,315 ) (c) 79    
Aircraft lease revenue 1,090     (1,090 ) (d)    
Reinsurance premiums 9,216     (9,216 ) (e)    
Other revenues 4,415     5,902   (e)     10,317
Consolidated Funds 1,408         (1,408 )  
Total revenue $ 122,268     $ 6,578     $ (758 )   $ 128,088
               
Note: The following is a summary of the adjustments made to US GAAP revenue to Economic Income revenue:
               
(1) Other adjustments include reclassifications between other income (loss), redeemable non-controlling interests and interest and non-interest expenses based on the nature of the respective line item
(2) Fund consolidation includes the impact of consolidation. The related elimination entries of the Consolidated Funds are not included in Economic Income. Adjustments include elimination of incentive income and management fees earned from the Consolidated Funds.
               
Other Adjustments:              
(a) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes revenues (i) net of distribution fees paid to agents and (ii) our proportionate share of management and incentive fees of certain real estate operating entities, the healthcare royalty business and the activist business.
(b) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes Company income from proprietary trading (including interest and dividends).
(c) Reimbursement from affiliates is shown as a reduction of Economic Income expenses, but is included as a part of revenues under US GAAP.
(d) Aircraft lease revenue is shown net of expenses in investment income for Economic Income (Loss).
(e) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes underwriting income from the Company's insurance related activities, net of expenses, within other revenue.
(f) Economic Income (Loss) brokerage revenues included net securities borrowed and securities loaned activities.
 
 
Cowen Inc.
Unaudited Reconciliation of GAAP and Economic Revenue for the Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2017
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
               
  Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2017
      Adjustments    
      Other   Funds   Economic
  GAAP   Adjustments (1)   Consolidation (2)   Income
Revenue              
Investment banking $ 223,614     $     $     $ 223,614
Brokerage 293,610     19,170   (f)     312,780
Management fees 33,245     19,549   (a) 2,593     55,387
Incentive income 5,383     18,906   (a) 1,739     26,028
Investment income     45,142   (b)(d)     45,142
Interest and dividends 49,440     (49,440 ) (b)    
Reimbursement from affiliates 2,860     (3,157 ) (c) 297    
Aircraft lease revenue 3,751     (3,751 ) (d)    
Reinsurance premiums 30,996     (30,996 ) (e)    
Other revenues 8,561     (5,330 ) (e)     3,231
Consolidated Funds 7,321         (7,321 )  
Total revenue $ 658,781     $ 10,093     $ (2,692 )   $ 666,182
               
Note: The following is a summary of the adjustments made to US GAAP revenue to Economic Income revenue:
               
(1) Other adjustments include reclassifications between other income (loss), redeemable non-controlling interests and interest and non-interest expenses based on the nature of the respective line item
(2) Fund consolidation includes the impact of consolidation. The related elimination entries of the Consolidated Funds are not included in Economic Income. Adjustments include elimination of incentive income and management fees earned from the Consolidated Funds.
               
Other Adjustments:              
(a) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes revenues (i) net of distribution fees paid to agents and (ii) our proportionate share of management and incentive fees of certain real estate operating entities, the healthcare royalty business and the activist business.
(b) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes Company income from proprietary trading (including interest and dividends).
(c) Reimbursement from affiliates is shown as a reduction of Economic Income expenses, but is included as a part of revenues under US GAAP.
(d) Aircraft lease revenue is shown net of expenses in investment income for Economic Income (Loss).
(e) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes underwriting income from the Company's insurance related activities, net of expenses, within other revenue.
(f) Economic Income (Loss) brokerage revenues included net securities borrowed and securities loaned activities.
 
 
Cowen Inc.
Unaudited Reconciliation of GAAP and Economic Revenue for the Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2016
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
               
  Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2016
      Adjustments    
      Other   Funds   Economic
  GAAP   Adjustments (1)   Consolidation (2)   Income
Revenue              
Investment banking $ 133,279     $     $     $ 133,279
Brokerage 199,180     7,860   (f)     207,040
Management fees 40,612     24,971   (a) 1,665     67,248
Incentive income 8,334     17,226   (a) 714     26,274
Investment income     4,023   (b)(d)     4,023
Interest and dividends 14,732     (14,732 ) (b)    
Reimbursement from affiliates 10,504     (10,807 ) (c) 303    
Aircraft lease revenue 4,161     (4,161 ) (d)    
Reinsurance premiums 32,459     (32,459 ) (e)    
Other revenues 22,355     7,412   (e)     29,767
Consolidated Funds 5,949         (5,949 )  
Total revenue $ 471,565     $ (667 )   $ (3,267 )   $ 467,631
               
Note: The following is a summary of the adjustments made to US GAAP revenue to Economic Income revenue:
               
(1) Other adjustments include reclassifications between other income (loss), redeemable non-controlling interests and interest and non-interest expenses based on the nature of the respective line item
(2) Fund consolidation includes the impact of consolidation. The related elimination entries of the Consolidated Funds are not included in Economic Income. Adjustments include elimination of incentive income and management fees earned from the Consolidated Funds.
               
Other Adjustments:              
(a) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes revenues (i) net of distribution fees paid to agents and (ii) our proportionate share of management and incentive fees of certain real estate operating entities and the activist business.
(b) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes Company income from proprietary trading (including interest and dividends).
(c) Reimbursement from affiliates is shown as a reduction of Economic Income expenses, but is included as a part of revenues under US GAAP.
(d) Aircraft lease revenue is shown net of expenses in investment income for Economic Income (Loss).
(e) Economic Income (Loss) recognizes underwriting income from the Company's insurance related activities, net of expenses, within other revenue.
(f) Economic Income (Loss) brokerage revenues included net securities borrowed and securities loaned activities.
 

 

Source: Cowen Inc.

Investor Relations:
Cowen Inc.
Stephen Lasota, 212-845-7919
Chief Financial Officer
or
Nancy Wu, 646-562-1259